The maximum oxidation service temperatures for heat resisting steel is shown 'for guidance only' in table B.2 of EN 10095.
Although helpful, this only covers the steel specifically designed for heat resisting applications.

An alternative guide is shown in the ASM Specialty Handbook 'Stainless Steel', where a wider range of stainless steel grades is covered.

A comparison of these maximum service temperature under intermittent or cyclic oxidation conditions (where protective oxide films produced may be likely to crack, hence reducing the useful service life) is summarized in this article, but it must be stressed that, these figures can only be used for guidance.

Selection of stainless steels for oxidation resistant service should also consider the the design strength requirements at the intended service temperature.

Austenitic Stainless Steel Types

There are some apparent contradictions in the data, where EN 10095 suggests that the 321 type (1.4541 / 1.4878) is 'inferior' to the 316 and 304 types, as shown in the ASM data.

Based on the chromium content of these three types, the maximum service temperature would be expected to be the same.
(The titanium stabilised 321 type would in fact normally be preferred, as its elevated temperature strength should be marginally better.)

Ferritic, Duplex and Martensitic Stainless Steel Types

The ferritic types may be limited, in practice, to lower temperatures as they have lower strengths at elevated temperatures than the austenitic types. The ferritic types can also suffer from embrittlement with extended exposure to temperatures above about 450°C.

Duplex stainless steel can also be prone to embrittlement and so although their chromium levels would suggest they may be useful steels for elevated temperature service. This steel family is limited in the European pressure vessel standard EN 10028-7 to a maximum temperature of 250°C.

The martensitic types are not considered here.
These steels are usually selected for their hardness and strength, which will be reduced when their tempering heat treatment temperature is exceeded, thus limiting their usefulness for elevated temperature service.

Summary of Maximum Service Remperatures

GradeMain Alloying Elements (%)Max. Service Temp. CSource
AISIENCrOthers..
Ferritic types....
4051.4002120.2 Al815ASM
.1.4724121.0 Al850EN 10095
4301.401617.870ASM
.1.4742171.0 Al1000EN 10095
......
4461.4749260.15-0.20 C, 0.2 N1100EN 10095
Austenitic types....
3041.4301188 Ni870ASM
3211.4541189 Ni870ASM
.1.4878189 Ni850EN 10095
3161.44011711 Ni, 2 Mo870ASM
3091.48332212 Ni1000EN 10095
3101.48452520 Ni1050EN 10095
.1.48352010 Ni, 1.5 Si, 0.15 N, 0.04 Ce1150EN 10095
3301.48861834 Ni, 1.0 Si1100EN 10095